ANTIQUE TEXTILE ART III
A Collection of Oriental and European Carpets and Textiles
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7. 
Eagle design Rug
Southern Caucasus
Karabakh area
Chelaberd
Circa 1870
245 x 165 cm (8’ x 5’5”)


Notes: Symmetrically knotted wool pile on a wool foundation
Rugs having these sunburst medallions are often called Eagle Kazaks, although they are now more often correctly attributed to Chelaberd, located in the Karabakh region. Like Chondzoresk (‘Cloudband Kazak’) and Kasim Ushag rugs that come from the same province, Chelaberd rugs are characterised by a strong palette, a silky lush pile and a set system of borders. These borders are almost invariantly composed of six-pointed red and blue stars connected by a thin vinery on an ivory ground flanked by blue-black zig-zag guard stripes. Similar to the two above-mentioned typologies, the eagle design derives from seventeenth century Caucasian silk embroideries and is seen on the pattern of a few rare early Caucasian rugs of the so-called ‘transitional’ type (see for example C.G. Ellis, Early Caucasian Rugs, (Washington 1975), plate 15: 61). The large width of the present example allows for a more spacious design, permitting the eagles to spread their wings to thier widest extent. The exceptional condition of this piece offers us a chance to fully appreciate nineteenth century Caucasian weaving art at its best.

 



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