ANTIQUE TEXTILE ART III
A Collection of Oriental and European Carpets and Textiles
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21. 
Qashqai Rug
Southern Persia
Circa 1850
195 x 126 cm (65 x 42)


Notes: Asymmetrically knotted pashmina wool pile on cotton warps and silk wefts
An extremely rare and early piece, this Qashqai rug is representative of the strong influence of India on south Persian weaving. The involvement of Qashqai tribes with Nadir Shah during his invasion of India in the eighteenth century is historically known (see J. Opie, Tribal Rugs (Portland 1992), p. 92). Millefleurs niche rugs are among the finest Qashqai workshops weavings, copying almost exactly their Mogul prototypes. In this example, the characteristic four-armed medallion centers a soft rose field decorated with clusters of directional floral motifs, which are typical of early Mogul rugs of the Shah Jahan period. The blue corners are adorned with motifs taken from millefleurs rugs and zoomorphic motifs typical of south Persian rugs, while the stylised vinery ivory border appears on certain silk pile rugs of the Deccan region of southern India. The use of the softest pashmina wool and the presence of silk wefts confirm this rugs strong relationship to Mogul weavings.

 



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