ANTIQUE TEXTILE ART III
A Collection of Oriental and European Carpets and Textiles
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14. 
Vaghireh
West Persia
Bijar area
Circa 1890
205 x 118 cm (6’9” x 4’10”)


Notes: Symmetrically knotted wool pile on cotton warps and wool wefts
Vaghirehs were employed by weavers to show a sample of the different field and border patterns typical of the design repertoire for a given area. In this example the top compartment is decorated by a large-scale arabesque pattern that characterises the field design of the so-called Garrus Bijars (see A. Ittig, ‘A Group of Inscribed Carpets from Persian Kurdistan’, Hali, vol. 4, no. 14, (London, 1981): 124-127). The lower part of the field shows half of a medallion and spandrels design typical of the ‘Helvai’ Bijars in the dozar format, which are characterized, like in this rug, by cotton instead of wool warps (see J.J. Collins, Jr.,’Power and Simplicity – The Evolution of the Central Medallion Design in Bijar rugs, 1840-1940’, Hali, issue 111 (London, July-August 2000): 67-75). The border here is represented by a very unusual cloudband and palmette design, so far unrecorded on any Bijar rug. The magic of vaghirehs lies in the fact that through these rugs the artisan had to apply herself to produce something that would embody on a small scale all the great artistic qualities of the finished rug, while expressing all of her abilities as a weaver.

 



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