A Collection of Oriental and European Carpets and Textiles

rug with repeat quincunxial pattern
kurds of eastern anatolia

circa 1860
275 x 120 cm (9 x 311)

Notes: symmetrically knotted wool pile on a wool foundation
Surrounded by four corner motifs, the cruciform device that decorates this rare Kurdish long rug originates from early Ottoman carpets such as the so-called 'large pattern Holbeins'. It is similarly treated on both certain western Anatolian rugs as well as on the sumakh-woven bags of the Shahsavan tribes in the southern Caucasus. The dazzling palette of this piece is typical of the finest and oldest Kurdish weavings, while the lustrous full pile further distinguishes this example. The purity of the drawing of the field motifs is reflected in the ivory border. It is decorated by large octagons containing hooked stars alternating with a stepped lozenge with hooked forms, the latter being characteristic of this subgroup of Kurdish-Anatolian rugs (see for example W. Bruggemann, H. Bohmer, Rugs of the Peasants and Nomads of Anatolia, Munich 1983, plate 93, p. 302). The hooked devices and the 'S' motifs on the outermost stripes originate from wall carvings of the Neolithic cultures of Central Anatolia, and appear quite frequently on Kurdish rugs of this region (see E.Herrmann, Seltene Orientteppiche IX, Munich DATE, plate 18, p. 52 and J.D. Burns, Antique Rugs of Kurdistan, London 2002, plate 89, p. 260).



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